The Maryland Legislature created the independent Office of Administrative Hearings (OAH)
in 1990 to provide the public with a corp of Administrative Law Judges to decide appeals
of administrative agency decisions. This action increased the fairness of administrative
hearings by ensuring that the decision-maker presiding over an administrative hearing was
not an employee of the same State agency that was involved in the dispute. Creating the
OAH also saved the State of Maryland the substantial cost of maintaining individual administrative hearing units in each State agency.
The Maryland OAH employs approximately fifty-five Administrative Law Judges, each
of whom was a seasoned lawyer prior to his or her appointment as an Administrative Law Judge.
Administrative Law Judges preside over thousands of hearings a year and pride themselves on
maintaining an outstanding record of issuing a decision in each case within ninety days or less.
Each Administrative Law Judge travels around the State to provide Maryland residents, businesses
and State agency personnel with an administrative hearing in as convenient a location as possible.
Maryland is one of twenty-seven States to establish a centralized panel of judges for the purpose of
administrative adjudication. Maryland’s OAH handles cases arising from a larger variety of State agencies
than any other central panel in the country and is one of the largest central panel agencies in the United States.
Based on its lengthy history, size, and expertise in administrative law, other jurisdictions interested in
creating a central panel frequently contact the Maryland OAH for advice on how to create a similar system.
Maryland Resident Resources
Maryland State Online Services
Maryland State Government
Maryland Phone Directory
11101 Gilroy Road, Hunt Valley, MD 21031